Article 47 - Relevant circumstances

In applying Article 45 and Article 46, regard shall be had to all the circumstances, including:

(1) preliminary negotiations between the parties;
(2) practices which the parties have established between themselves;
(3) the conduct of the parties subsequent to the conclusion of the contract;
(4) the nature and purpose of the contract;
(5) the meaning commonly given to terms and expressions in the trade concerned; and
(6) usage.