Article 85 - Involvement in contraventions

(1) If a Person is knowingly concerned in the contravention of a Relevant Requirement by another Person, that Person also commits a contravention of a Relevant Requirement.
(2) If an officer of a body corporate is knowingly concerned in the contravention of a Relevant Requirement committed by a body corporate, the officer also commits a contravention of a Relevant Requirement.
(3) If the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its members, Article 85(2) applies in relation to the acts and defaults of a member in connection with his functions of management as if he were a director of the body corporate.
(4) If a partner (or a Person purporting to act as a partner) is knowingly concerned in a contravention of a Relevant Requirement committed by a partnership in which he is a partner or by all or some of its constituent partners, he also commits a contravention of a Relevant Requirement.
(5) If an officer of an unincorporated association (other than a partnership) or a member of its governing body is knowingly concerned in a contravention of a Relevant Requirement committed by the association, that officer or member also commits a contravention of a Relevant Requirement.
(6) For the purposes of Article 85, officer means a director, member of a committee of management, chief executive, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate or association, or a Person purporting to act in such capacity, and an individual who is a Controller of the body.
(7) For the purposes of Article 85, a Person is knowingly concerned in a contravention of a Relevant Requirement if, and only if, that Person:
(A) has aided, abetted, counselled, or procured the contravention;
(B) has induced, whether by threats or promises or otherwise, the contravention;
(C) has in any way, by act or omission, directly or indirectly, been knowingly involved in or been party to, the contravention; or
(D) has conspired with another or others to commit the contravention.